*** Chào mừng bạn đang ghé thăm trang web An Phong An Bình***

Chủ Nhật, 18 tháng 1, 2015

Economist, Scientist and Humanists.(Man versus Nature)

Aldous Huxley* (1894-1963)

“There are certain values which we feel to be absolute. Truth is one of them. We have an immediate conviction of its high, its supreme importance. Science is the organized search for truth and, as such, must be looked upon as an end in itself, requiring no further justification than its own existence. But truth about the nature of things gives us, when discovered, a certain control over those things. Science is power as well as truth. Besides being an end in itself, it is a means to other ends. Science as an end in itself directly concerns only scientific workers and philosophers. As a means, it concerns every member of a civilized community. I propose to discuss here science as a means to ulterior ends – ends which may be summed up in the single vague and comprehensive word, “Civilization”.

Our civilization, as each of us is uncomfortably aware, is passing through a time of crisis. Why should this be? What are the causes of our present troubles? Most of them are due, in the last resort, to the fact that science has been applied to human affairs, but not applied adequately or consistently.

In the past, man’s worst enemy was nature. He lived under the continual threat of  famine and pestilence; a wet Summer could bring death to whole nations, and every winter a menace. Mountains stood like a barrier between people and people; a sea was less a highway than an impassable division.

Today, nature, though still an enemy, is an enemy almost completely conquered. Modern transportation has made the resources of the entire planet accessible to all its inhabitants. Modern medicine and sanitation allow dense populations to cover the ground without risk pestilence. True, we are still at the mercy of the more violent natural convulsions. Against earthquake, flood and hurricane, man has, as yet devised no adequate protection. But these major cataclysms are rare. At most times, nature is no longer formidable; she has been subdued…”

*Aldous Leonard Huxley (26 July 1894 – 22 November 1963) was an English writer and philosopher. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature.